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The Interdepartmental Committee on Road Safety (IRB) of February 13, not only decided to make mandatory the presence of a retro reflective safety vest and a warning triangle in each vehicle, cyclists are also concerned to a lesser extent.

Based on the principle that bicycles are equipped with low-intensity lights, making them often not very visible at night, especially outside built-up areas, the cyclist and his prospective passenger will have to wear a retro-reflective yellow or orange vest as of October 1, 2008. It is advisable to wear it all the time, but the wearing obligation is only valid outside the night, or also during the day when the visibility is insufficient.

While cycling has developed strongly and encouraged for energy reasons, this measure comes into play when the number of fatal accidents naturally falls sharply. Indeed, in 2007, 60 cyclists were killed in the city and 82 outside urban areas, a decrease of 21.5% compared to 2006 (conversely, the number of injuries slightly increased by 2.7%).

While we can only congratulate ourselves for wanting to bring down the dead on the roads, the mandatory nature of this measure once again underlines the safety drift that tends to secure our daily lives. Nevertheless, 'reassure us', nothing like that still seems to be planned for what comes out of our exhaust pipes, is spread in the fields, is in our cosmetics, etc. The essential is therefore safe, we will always have our daily dose of pollutants and industrialists, and other farmers wearing reflective clothing can continue their small business without fear of fines.


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Today we have a current topic for you - the safety of pedestrians in traffic.

Reflective clothing - reflective clothing becomes mandatory in certain situations for pedestrians in the Czech Republic. A pedestrian - walker must then wear a safety vest – reflective vest, a reflective stripe - reflective tape or other reflective elements on clothes. In addition, that applies in the dark - dark and in rain - rain or fog - fog on streets, which have neither sidewalk - footpath nor lighting.

Reflective clothing is made of a material that reflects light, the light coming from a headlight, that is, a reflector. The reflection significantly increases the visibility - visibility of the pedestrian, and therefore motorists - overlook, do not so easily overlook it.

Reflecting means reverberating - to reflect, a reflection isreflection. A reflector is therefore called reflector. In philosophy, the reflection reflex means the perception of one's own mental activity, sometimes it is used as a synonym for reflection - thinking and reflection - reasoning. A consideration is called in Czech treatise or reflexes.

To reflect on something – reflective material on something means to be interested in something - be interested in something or to apply for something - apply. So much for today. Next time we talk about the reflexes. Hear for a week!


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The artist in reflective clothing and former sprayer Epos 257, who left his hidden identity not only from his youth, but also the instincts of a street hooligan, exhibits in the National Gallery. The first exhibition institution had the space of the corridor of the Prague Trade Fair Palace, a place that communicates directly across the street through the glass wall.

Even though Epos 257 is a graduate of the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design, he exhibits in established galleries, and even became involved with the "establishment" when he represented the Republic in 2010 in Shanghai. His work, however, still keeps street grip and criticism. The Exhibition in the Trade Fair called Retro-reflection, which will last until June 4, is slightly subversive. This Thursday, April 20 at 17:30, a commented tour will take place.

The theme of the exhibition is the traffic signs, namely the Z3 brand marking the sharp turn that the artist has mapped throughout Prague. Then he made a copy, and the original tagged them for them. "I worked for Retro-reflex for more than three years. I often travel through the city landscape, drive through it, walk on foot, map its terrain, and collect partial artifacts. Retro-reflection sign is a map of road signs that have become symbols of my city, "says Epos 257.

However, the main exhibit of the exhibition is not physically present in the Palace. A giant reflective mosaic made from stolen - and replaced - brands hangs on the facade of one of the apartment buildings. However, visitors to the exhibition see it through live transmission and accompanying documentation.

The exhibition also includes an orange reflective vest, which the author of many street interventions considers his most important work piece. "The orange vest works in the public space as an operating permit. Although it is strikingly colorful, a person paradoxically becomes invisible, "says Epos 257, which derives its pseudonym from the paragraph of the Criminal Code, which until recently defined the damage to a foreign matter. It therefore refers to the artist's spraying history.


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From September 1, every pedestrian walking after dark outside the built-up area will have to wear reflective clothing or a headband. According to statistics, about 1,000 pedestrians and cyclists die in Poland on dark roads every year. From September 1, everyone moving around at dusk along roads in the unconstructed area will have to have visible reflective elements. Janus Dulia from the slip road in Sups should be extended by unpublished areas, including built-up ones, because many municipalities cannot afford sidewalks and illuminate the village all night long.

From the beginning of next month, however, we will be looking closely at pedestrians walking on roads outside the city. At the beginning, we will be instructing those undisciplined, but then punishing them with fines - says the deputy head of the road department of the command. What are the mandates? The new provision on the need to wear reflectors is not yet included in the tariff. Until this happens, we will issue fines on general terms, from PLN 50 to PLN 100 - he adds to the poke. However, it is not about the level of seats, but about the safety of pedestrians. Many people note that in the minds of pedestrians and cyclists, especially those of adults, there is no need to wear reflectors.

- There is a terrible fashion for black. People rarely ask for reflective vests. When I order yellow or red panniers for a bike, they lie for months, and customers ask for dark ones - says Mikoyan from the bicycle shop. The local government was planning to take care of the reflective education. At the meeting in the City Hall, representatives of the office, municipal guard and neighboring municipalities, police, organizations for the disabled and the elderly took the floor. They talked about statistics. In addition, so far, the words ended, because the Arabesque association, which initiated the action, did not receive ministerial money. It is different in rural communes, where the risk of an accident on an unlit road is much greater.

- There were tragic situations with us. Near a village administrator died on an unlit road, and at the exit from the national six to the car hit a cyclist. Fortunately, the construction of safe exits has already been won there - recalls Pawed Lewandowski from the Commune Office in Dominica. - We have been campaigning for the safety of our children a year ago, together with "Gomes Somoza,” as part of which all the first received safety vests and comic booklets. Older urge us to wear flares, distribute them at festivals and harvest festivals to tell the pulpit about road safety.


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The campaign of the DGT and the Xansa includes awareness talks aimed at older people in the centers with more black spots for pedestrians.

Person over 65 years of age, dressed in dark clothes walking near his house on the shoulders of secondary roads, without a reflective vest and crossing outside the pedestrian crossings. It is the most common profile of fatalities due to abuses in Galicia, one of the blights of accidents in which the Directorate General of Traffic (DGT) focuses its awareness campaigns. So far this year five pedestrians died in the community hit by a vehicle, which means in just two months 35% of the 14 fatalities of all 2015. None wore a safety vest, so from Traffic have decided to strengthen awareness of passers-by on the importance of making drivers visible with a joint campaign with the Xansa that includes the distribution of 2,000 vests during this year -400 before Holy Week- and talks in the town halls, especially in those that concentrate more black spots of abuses. It will be an informative campaign in which it will not be fined, although in the cases of repeat offenders "other measures will have to be taken,” as warned yesterday by the government delegate in Galicia, Santiago Villanueva.

Last year, the Traffic Department designed a risk map of abuses that included 50 municipalities. As explained, yesterday the lieutenant colonel, the actions in the most conflictive nuclei with the reinforcement of the surveillance. Or the improvement of the infrastructures explain that in the current map only five municipalities repeat - despite the fact that the total figure is around 50 again when analyzing the 170 serious and minor abuses of 2015. According to Villanueva, the causes that explain the high numbers of abuses in the community, although - the 14 pedestrians without wearing reflective clothing who died in 2015 are three less than the previous year and 72% below the 50 registered in 2005.


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The authorities of Milan have decided to take care of the safety of prostitutes and the movement of vehicles on the roadways. Women who drive customers on the roads will have to wear reflective uniforms - the same as road workers wear.

In Milan, new regulations have been established under which prostitutes were required to wear reflective uniforms for road workers. In this way the authorities have taken care of road safety.

In the absence of the required dress code, prostitutes may be fined a fine of 500 Euros. "When it comes to safety and visibility, prostitutes should be treated in the same way as road workers and therefore reflect on reflective clothing," said city councilor Lucian in a conversation with Carrier Della Sera.

As noted by the media, the rules introduced are linked to the raid of prostitutes in Milan, where the Expo World Fair is currently underway.

According to estimates, about 15,000 sex workers have appeared in the city. Many of them come from South America, Africa or Eastern Europe. For this reason, the Expo World Fair is referred to as the "Sexton World Fair". After this, all of them need to wear the reflective vest for visibility and safety.


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Discovering the beauty of nature, listening to the sounds of nature and outdoor picnics, all in the woods - many parents dream of having a child spend their time in the kindergarten. This desire was realized in the Kindergarten No. 8 with Integration Units in Stassen. Two teachers, Justine Lisp and Kaila Kirby wear safety vest - Jacks in the integration group of 6-year-olds, are working on a kindergarten program called "Kindergarten in Kindergarten".

The child in the forest is happy

Children go to the field during the hours of the kindergarten. Expeditions are organized in places that are 2 to 10 kilometers away from the kindergarten. These places, as the preschoolers point out, are usually chosen by Ms. Joanna from the Forestry Inspectorate in Stassen, who considers them to have a great opportunity for exploration for preschoolers. Children have so far visited the Beech Reserve in the vicinity of Czarina, the forest in Suchow Manly, the beech forest in Silence, the little forest over the Carnal.

- As part of the program children go to the field during the hours of kindergarten, usually they are in the afternoon: we leave at 9 am after breakfast, in the forest we have a picnic with meal and we go back for lunch around 12.30. The expedition lasts about 3 to 3.5 hours. Now that children have learned the forest and have assessed their ability to work, we plan to extend their stay in the forest. Another trip, due to low temperature, we plan to organize with a fire - says teacher Justine, author and coordinator of the program "Delight in the kindergarten."

The exception was one of the September departures when the group went to the forest in the evening. Joanna from the Forestry Inspectorate with her husband was Joanna. Every child was under the care of their parents. Unusual atmosphere of this trip created a common fire in the clearing.

They take backpacks and curiosity of the world

Children on the expedition to the forest take their backpacks with food, carnivals, reflective vests and whistles. Trips are organized according to the applicable rules for the organization of school trips. The group, which is involved in the project, has 20 children and is an integration group attended by children with disabilities. As noted by the program implementers in each expedition to the forest is attended by at least 4-5 guardians, among whom there is always someone from the parents.

- The purpose of the program is to create space for preschool children to work in direct contact with nature. The inspiration for this initiative was Richard Lours book, "Last Forest Child," where I first met with the term Deficit Syndrome. The research-based author shows how much impact children have on the environment. I also saw forest nurseries with great success in Germany, few in Poland and above all in Scandinavia. I wanted to make my kindergarteners at least a little space. It turned out that in the system kindergarten it is possible, for which we greatly thank the director Alicia - says teacher Justine.

There is no scream, no plastic and limited space

During the expedition children learn about the look and names of trees, their fruits, seeds, leaves, color, they have to overcome uneven terrain, move on a very diverse background, for example barefoot, also collect "treasures", which are then used in various ways in kindergarten .

- The benefits of going to the forest are enormous, both for teachers and children. We see the relationship between children and teachers between us. Forest gives peace, fosters reflection, and uniquely combines. There is no yelling, plastic, limited space. We do not have the slightest doubt that children's stay in the forest stimulates the emotional, social, physical and cognitive development of children. They meet their fundamental needs: movement, play, acceptance, sense of security, development. The forest is a great place to meet these needs and at the best of times, because in contact with nature. And winter trips will certainly help improve our preschoolers' resilience, "says Justine in reflective clothing.

The program runs from 1 September to 30 June 2016. Developers plan to continue in the following years. Before the group of 6-year-olds still about 20 trips to the forest.

- What will they bring? We do not know. Certainly it is a good change aimed at meeting the developmental needs of children. And we certainly will not turn back and we will continue our activities, because we see that they bring a lot of good - adds the teacher.


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They had helmets, reflective vests and road signs warning of ongoing work. Pseudo ibices planned - on the pretext of carrying out work to stop on the A1 highway bus carrying the fans of the hostile team. The "action" at the last minute tracked the police officers.

The findings so far indicate that a group of young men waited for a bus carrying fans of the Lodz Sports Club who were going to Labara for a match. The route passed through the A1 motorway. There was an ambush there. Inside were young men. In addition to the symbols associated with the Lodz Wide, they also had machetes, wooden sticks, hammers and axes.

"They also had tear gas, balaclavas, combat gloves, teeth protectors and light rays," says the inspector. The Arsenal was to be used in an insidious action against LKS supporters. The clothes were meant to be used by road builders performing repairs.

- Men cut a grid separating the highway from the technical way - explains Joanna in reflective clothing. Most likely they wanted to stop the bus traffic with hostile fans.

Officials suggest that the whole "action" was supposed to take place with very low visibility, because the strikers also prepared tires and dry branches. According to the police, they wanted to fire them at a critical moment.

The creators of this spectacular plan did not, however, take into account that the route of passage of the spectators was previously checked by the police. And the officers quickly got information about the suspicious group gathering at A1.

At the sight of police officers, pseudo cysts began to run away from the woods without resorting to instructions. There was an attempt to push the car out of the way - says Joanna. The attempt to stop was very dynamic - one of the policemen at the last moment escaped. Among the detainees is a 28-year-old wanted to serve a prison sentence. He immediately found himself in custody.

The police wear reflective uniform report that each of the detained men will be "meticulously settled for breaking the law". We will analyze their responsibility both in terms of possible liability for the offense and for offenses - ends Keck.


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Summer is the best season for cycling. When the two wheel drive devotees leave the masses, the risk of collisions will be increases. We advise wear a safety vest to take care of your safety and enjoy the pleasure of two wheels.

By 2015, the number of accidents involving cyclists, as a result, 303 people were killed in one-way traffic, 1,445 people were seriously injured, and slightly - 3,028. What to do in order not to become part of the police statistics? How to prepare yourself and bike for the summer season?

First: Fresh on the example

Visibility for other road users is one of the key security issues. Different types of lights represent three of the five elements listed in the Regulation of the Minister of Infrastructure as mandatory for each bike. At least one spotlight white or yellow at the front and two red rear-light reflectors in the shape other than the triangle and one position light are required. In addition, if the monologue design prevents signaling the direction of travel by hand, direction indicators are required.

Second: Hang in your eyes

To improve your safety, it is also advisable to use reflective clothing, accessories, and other such over-the-counter equipment. Visible from afar shirts in bright, reflective colors turn out to be very useful. For amateurs of cycling, this is very important equipment when moving outside the built-up area. As it turns out, the obligation to wear reflective clothing on a bicycle was introduced in France and Lithuania, for example. Appropriate t-shirts or vests are required by law outside the built-up area and after dark. In our own personal safety it is worth remembering that the reflectors should be part of the garment or be mounted in a way that is visible to other participants in the movement.

Third: Keep your bike in good condition

In addition to the above mentioned lighting components, the required bicycle equipment includes "at least one effective brake" and a "bell or other tampering sound". However, the appropriate equipment is one, and the technical condition of the vehicle is second. Therefore, all active amateurs of two wheels are recommended to thoroughly clean the chain once a season - clean the chain, pump the wheels, adjust the brakes and derailleur. And above all, to fix any possible defects caused by the previous season.

Fourth: Strong body and clear mind

Equally important is what the technical condition of the bike has the condition of the driver. Although the legislation has recently been liberalized and driving under the influence of alcohol is no longer a threat, it is still extremely irresponsible, dangerous, illegal and punishable. You can get a mandate from 300 to 500 zlotys for driving a bicycle after drinking or drunk. If the person in the indicating state will cause traffic hazards, he / she may lose his or her driving license, get a fine, and not drive or even be arrested.

Before the planned trip it is worthwhile to provide yourself with energy and nutrients, thanks to which we will not lack strength or concentration during the expedition. A light but nutritious meal 2 hours before workout and a cup of coffee or tea 30 minutes before takeoff will surely improve your mood and provide your body with the necessary "fuel". Although not everyone with reflective vest is aware of this, the appropriate doses of caffeine in the training process are very advisable. And as it turns out, the benefit is benefited by professionals.


vivianq

Reflective clothing is a duty in the Czech Republic for pedestrians in certain situations. A pedestrian - a pedestrian must wear a vest - a reflective vest, and a reflexive strip - reflective strip or other reflective elements. And this is true in the dark - darkness or in the rain - rain or fog - fog on streets that have neither citizens - pavement nor lighting - lighting.

Reflective clothingis made of a material that emits light, namely the light coming from a reflector, that is, a reflector. The reflection clearly increases the visibility of the pedestrian, and therefore it is not easily overlooked by motorists - to overlook.

Reflecting is called backlighting, a reflection is okras. A retro-reflector is therefore called odrazka. In philosophy, reflexes reflect the perception of one's own mental activity, sometimes it is used as a synonym for reflection and superior.

To reflect on something – reflective material means to be interested in something - or to apply for something. Next time we will talk about the reflexes.


vivianq
 
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